History of Architecture 3 (Medieval)

Budapest University of Technology and Economics
LEVEL
Bachelor
Master
TYPE
Course
MODES
-
LANGUAGE
-
ECTS
3
PERIOD
04/09/2023 to 22/01/2024

Course Description

The architecture of the Late Roman Empire. The born of Christianity and its „Necessity architecture”. The born of the monumental Christian architecture – Early Christian architecture in Rome. – Early Christian architecture in the eastern Provinces: Palestine, North Africa, Syria – Late Roman and Oriental traditions. Early Byzantine architecture in Thessalonica and in Constantinople. Load bearing structures of the Early Christian period. Different types of barrel vaults, Roman-type cross vault. – Syrian influences in Armenia. The „Iconoclasm” and the aftermath in Greece. Architecture in the radius of influence of Byzantium. The comparison of the basilicas in Rome and in Syria. – Ravenna. The penetration of Christian architecture into barbarian Europe – „Scattered monuments”. Byzantine vaulting systems. The main stream of the Romanesque architecture: the Carolingian architecture with the „evangelizer” Benedictine movements, the three periods of the German-Roman Empire. The Langobard architecture in North-Italy. The Romanesque vaulting systems: Romanesque cross vault, Sexpartite vaulting, „groin-rib” vaulting. Squire-bayed and free vaulting systems – the pointed arch. Basilica and „false basilica” type space organization. – The retrospective interregional influences in Romanesque architecture. – Antique influences. Byzantine influences. The progressive interregional influences in Romanesque architecture – monastic movements: Benedictine and Cistercian, Norman „Imperial” Romanesque architecture. Morphology of medieval detailing. The Early French Gothic cathedrals. – The flourishing period of the French cathedrals, and its influences in South-France, in England, in Germany and in Italy. Interregional influences in gothic architecture: Cistercian gothic formations, the Franciscan and Dominican movements. – The special characteristics of English and German gothic architecture. Late gothic vaulting systems: Cylindrical (or net vaults) and Spherical (or stellar) vaults. Halls and false-halls – Civic movements in Late Gothic in Germany and the proto-renaissance in Italy. Medieval secular architecture.

Time format

weekly

Educational-info

Duration

42 h / 14 weeks

ECTS

3

Validation mode

Written examination

Maximum number of students

10

Organizer

Partner

Budapest University of Technology and Economics

Faculty

Faculty of Architecture

Department

Department of History of Architecture and Monument Preservation

Contact or registration links