History of Architecture 5 (19th century)

Budapest University of Technology and Economics
04/09/2023 to 22/01/2024

Course Description

The period of this History of Architecture subject is the “long nineteenth century” from the 1750s to the 1910s. In this era the architecture and the art turned to the past, to the previous styles using them in a new approach. The architects had discovered the history of art and artistic liberty at the same time. At the turn of the 20th century the art and also the architecture searched for new ways instead of using historical architectural elements or motifs. The changes led to the Modern Movement when buildings were being erected without decoration or ornaments in the first quarter of the 20th century.This period was divided into different eras, but these types of periodization were different in different countries and changed in the course of the 20th century. Beside the question of styles 19th century is important not only because of the appearing of new structures and materials in the architecture but because of the great development in the field of the functional planning. While following the timeline, the classes concentrate on the development of the styles in several areas of Europe (Great Britain, France, Germany, Russia) looking out to the United States of America too, because there the styles reflected the European ones. The course gives an overview of the architecture in the 20-21st centuries. The classes follow chronology with
focusing on the works of some great architects: Modernism and Modern Movement. Architecture between the two
world wars – De Stijl, Bauhaus, Russian Constructivism, Less is more – Architecture of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe,
Toward a New Architecture – Architecture of Le Corbusier. The Nordic Classicist Tradition – Architecture of E. G.
Asplund and S. Lewerentz. Alvar Aalto and the modern Finnish architecture. In the second part the course picks up
some relevant architectural trends: New Empiricism, New Humanism, New Brutalism and the Team X, the way from
large housing estates to architecture without architects. Unfolding post-modern architecture, participation and the
Las Vegas strip, Colin Rowe’s studio, Critical Regionalism. The third part concentrates on timely problems: new
materials or the multi-sensorial experience of space and surface, Rem Koolhaas’s Dirty Realism, new technology
and digital perception, architecture of seduction.

Time format




42 h / 14 weeks



Validation mode

Continuous control

Maximum number of students




Budapest University of Technology and Economics


Faculty of Architecture


Department of History of Architecture and Monument Preservation

Contact or registration links