Nuclear Physics

Budapest University of Technology and Economics
LEVEL
Master
TYPE
Course
MODES
-
LANGUAGE
-
ECTS
5
PERIOD
04/09/2023 to 22/01/2024

Course Description

Required prior knowledge: Basics of classical physics and of electrodynamics, basic concepts of quantum mechanics and statistical physics.

Syllabus:
1. Manipulating electrically charges particles. Thomson and Millikan experiment. Mass spectroscopy and atomic mass unit (mass-doublet method). Spatial resolution, de Broglie formula. Electrostatic accelerators: Cockroft-Walton, Van de Graaf, Tandem Van de Graaf. Resonance accelerators: linear accelerator, cyclotron, synchrotron. LHC.
2. Size of the nucleus, Rutherford’s experiment. Hofstädter experiments. Discovery of the neutron and the composition of the nucleus. Angular momentum and parity.
3. Stability of the nucleus, nuclear mass, mass defect. Weizsäcker’s semi-empirical binding energy formula. Types and main characteristics of radioactive decays. Exponential decay law, decay chains. (Radioactive dating.)
4. Basic theory of beta decays. Fermi’s Golden Rule, Fermi theory of beta-decay, allowed and forbidden transitions. Fermi and Gamow-Teller transitions. Parity non-conservation.
5. Anti-neutrino and neutrino detection (Reines Cowan, and Davis experiments). Solar neutrino puzzle and the neutrino oscillation.
6. Basic theory of alpha decays. Transition coefficients and alpha spectroscopy factor. Basic theory of gamma-decays. Classification of decay modes: „electric” and „magnetic” transitions. Selection rules.
7. Probabilities of gamma-transitions and Weisskopf-units. Sum rules. Measurements of decay probabilities.
8. Nuclear models: Fermi-gas, Shell-model.
9. Basics of collective model. Rainwater approximation. Vibrations and rotations.
10. Nuclear forces. Learning from the deuteron. Basic ideas of Yukawa theory. Charge independency and isospin.
11. Nuclear reactions. Kinematics. Elastic scattering (of neutrons). Microscopic and macroscopic cross sections and their two additivities. Differential cross-sections. Excitation functions.
12. Partial-wave approximation, Born approximation, Distorted Wave Born Approximation.
13. Mechanism and characteristics of nuclear fission. Nuclear chain reaction and some safety considerations.
14. Nuclear fusion and the working principles of fusion devices. JET and ITER.

Subject area

Materials
Physics

Time format

weekly

Educational-info

Duration

56 h / 14 weeks

ECTS

5

Validation mode

Written examination

Maximum number of students

5

Organizer

Partner

Budapest University of Technology and Economics

Faculty

Faculty of Natural Sciences

Department

Department of Nuclear Techniques

Contact or registration links