Physics of Nanostructure

Scuola Normale Superiore
LEVEL
PhD
TYPE
Course
MODES
-
LANGUAGE
-
ECTS
60
PERIOD
10/01/2022 to 10/06/2022

Course Description

A. Heterostructures and 2D systems – Semiconductor heterostructures: growth and fabrication, band alignment. Electronic states and carrier statistics in superlattices and quantum wells. Electron transport in superlattices and multiple quantum wells (intra- and inter-band). Resonant tunneling diodes. Two-dimensional electron gases: modulation doping and electron mobiity, graphene and other 2D materials, graphene stacks. Quantum Hall effects, anomalous Hall effect in graphene. Optical properties of heterostructures: intraband and interband matrix elements. Quantum-well lasers, quantum-cascade lasers. Photonic crystals, quasi-crystals and random strutures. 2D radiation detectors. B. 1 and 0 dimensional systems – 1D systems: electronic states and statistics, electron transport, conductance quantization, Landauer-Bu?ttiker theory, electronic interferometry. Edge states in quantum Hall effects and their SGM investigation. Many-body effects, charging energy, Coulomb and Pauli blockade in quantum dots. – C. Hybrid nanostructures. Hybrid superconductor-semiconductor systems and their fabrication. Proximity effect and coherent electron dynamics in hybrid nanostructures.

Subject area

Physics

Field area

Digital
Industry and Space

Educational-info

Competences

Students will gain a detailed knowledge of the structural, electronic and optical properties of nanostructures. They will be able able to understand the main experimental phenomenologies observed and design novel nanostructures with desired electronic properties.

Prerequisites

Fundamentals of semiconductor physics and of light-matter interaction.

Duration

46h

ECTS

60

Validation mode

Oral Examination

Maximum number of students

10

Organizer

Partner

Scuola Normale Superiore

Faculty

Scuola Normale Superiore

Department

Classe di Scienze

Contact or registration links